Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2016, Page: 107-114
Assessment of the Invasive Alien Plant Species Argemone ochroleuca in North Gondar and West Gojam Zones, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Amare Seifu Assefa, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Nigussie Seboka Tadesse, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Taye Birhanu Belay, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Ashenafi Ayenew Hailu, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Edeget Merawi Betsiha, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Girum Faris Beyene, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tesfaye Bekele Hordofa, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Yibrehu Emshaw Ketema, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Jul. 13, 2016;       Accepted: Jul. 22, 2016;       Published: Aug. 12, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160103.16      View  3450      Downloads  93
Abstract
Biological invasions are attracting far reaching attention from ecologists because of their significant ecological impacts and economic costs worldwide. They are more and more recognized as a key problem of conservation of biological diversity. Argemone ochroleuca is one of invasive worldwide plant. In Ethiopia its distribution is increasing from time to time. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the impacts, mode of entry, trends, status, distribution and management practices of Argemone ochroleuca in selected districts of North Gondar and West Gojam Zones. Accordingly, an assessment was carried out in Dembiya, Gondar and Bahir Dar Zuria and Yilmana Densa districts, in 80 randomly selected households from eight different Kebeles (the smallest administrative unit in Ethiopia). Based on the interview and field observation, the level of Argemone ochroleuca invasion was very high and it was the most dominant IAS on disturbed land, range land, roadside, main field, home garden and near river in the study areas. From the total respondents, 97.6% reported that Argemone ochroleuca had caused a high level of damaging impacts on native biodiversity in the past and most of them (98.7%) worried about its negative impacts on biodiversity in the future. Based on the respondents report, Argemone ochroleuca was introduced to the study area by different mechanisms such as flood, animal’s body, along with improved seed varieties and transport materials. Majority of the respondents (87.5%) recommended that to control the spread of Argemone ochroleuca in the future additional investigation is needed by concerned body. Therefore, Governmental and Nongovernmental Organizations should find a mechanism to eliminate this Invasive Alien plant and save the farm and grazing lands before becoming out of control.
Keywords
Argemone ochroleuca, Biodiversity, Biological Invasions, Invasive Alien Species
To cite this article
Amare Seifu Assefa, Nigussie Seboka Tadesse, Taye Birhanu Belay, Ashenafi Ayenew Hailu, Edeget Merawi Betsiha, Girum Faris Beyene, Tesfaye Bekele Hordofa, Yibrehu Emshaw Ketema, Assessment of the Invasive Alien Plant Species Argemone ochroleuca in North Gondar and West Gojam Zones, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2016, pp. 107-114. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160103.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Alamri, S. A, and Moustafa, M. F (2010). Antibacterial activity of the latex of Argemone ochroleuca Sweet. Saudi. Med. J. 31: 1207-10.
[2]
Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2007). The 2007 Population and housing census: Result of Ethiopia. Central Statistical Agency. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[3]
Das, M. and Khanna, S. K. (1997). Clinico_epidemiological, toxicological, and safety evaluation studies on Argemone oil. Critical Rev. Toxicol. 27: 273–297.
[4]
Genovesi and Shine, C. (2004) European strategy on invasive alien species Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Habitats (Bern Convention) Nature and environment, No. 137 Council of Europe Publishing Frenchedition: ISBN 92-871-5487-2. Council of Europe Publishing F-67075.
[5]
Habtamu Kefelegn (2013) Invasive Alien Weed Species Impacts on Biodiversity and Socio-Economic Aspect in Ethiopia: A Review International Journal of Science and Research Volume 4: 2319-7064.
[6]
Häfliger, T. J. & Wolf, M. (1988): Dicotweeds. Dicotyledonous weeds of 13 families. –Ciba-Geigy, Basel.
[7]
Henderson, L. (2002). Problem plants in Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Final Report to the NCAA. Pretoria, South Africa: Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute.
[8]
Holm, L. Pancho, J. V, Herberger, J. P and Plcucknett, D. L (1977). A geographical atlas of world weeds.
[9]
Huma. Q, Muhammad. A, and Yamin. B (2014). Invasive flora of Pakistan a critical analysis. International Journal of Bioscience. 4 (1): 407-424.
[10]
IBC (2009). Invasion management. Report on the Celebrations of the International Day for Biological Diversity.
[11]
Jemal Tola and Taye Tessema (2015) Abundance and Distribution of Invasive Alien Plant Species in Illu Ababora Zone of Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology 1 (7): 94-100.
[12]
Jarosık, V. Pysek, P. Foxcroft, L. C, Richardson, D. M, Rouget, M and Mac Fadyen, S (2011) Predicting Incursion of Plant Invaders in to Kruger National Park, South Africa: The Interplay of General Drivers and Species-Specific Factors. 6 (12): 1-12.
[13]
Julien, M, Fadyen, M. R and Cullen. J (2012). Biological control of weeds in AustraliaCollingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 620 pp.
[14]
Karlsson, L. M, Tamado, T and Milberg, P (2003) Seed dormancy pattern of the annuals Argemone ochroleuca and A. Mexicana (Papaveraceae) Flora 198, 329–339.
[15]
Lewis, K. and Ausubel, F. M (2006). Prospects for plant-derived anti bacterials. Nat. Biotechnol. 24: 1504-1507.
[16]
Moussa, S. A. I, BazaidS. A and Muneera. S (2012) Vegetation strategies of invasive Argemone ochroleuca in different habitats in Taif Governorate, Saudi Arabia, Wud pecker Journal of Agricultural Research 1 (6): 191–202.
[17]
Nacoulma, O. (1996). Plantes medicinal esetpratiques médicales traditionnel l esau Burkina Faso Casdu plateau central. TOMEII. Thèse d’Etat. Univ Ouaga, 332 p.
[18]
Newman, D. J, Cragg, J. IandSnader, K. M (2000). The influence of natural products upon drug discovery. Nat. Prod. Res.;17: 215-234.
[19]
Ownbey, G. B (2007). Argemone (Papaveraceae). Fl. Aust. 2: 390-391.
[20]
Patel, P. K. (2013). Argemone ochroleuca (Papaveraceae) naturalized in Dahod District, Gujarat, India. Phytoneuron Published (India);52: 1–5.
[21]
Raghubanshi, A. S., Raj, L. C., Gaur, J. PandSingh, J. S. (2005). Invasive alien species and biodiversity in India. Current Science. 88: 539-540.
[22]
Rajvaidhya, S., Nagori, B. P., Singh, G. K., Dubey, B. K., Desai, P. & Jain, S. (2012). A review on Argemone Mexicana Linn. An Indian medicinal plant. International Journal of pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 3 (8): 2494-2501.
[23]
Rawson, J. E, Bath. S. J (1980). Control of Mexican poppy (Agremone Mexicana forma ochroleuca) by manipulation of seeding rate. Proceedings of the Australian Agronomy Conference ‘Pathways to Productivity’[Wood IM (editor)], p. 290.
[24]
Reddy, C. S. and Pattanaik, C (2007). Argemone ochroleuca Sweet (Papaveraceae)-anew Invasive species in Andhra Pradesh state. Zoos' Print J. 22: 2949.
[25]
Reddy. C. S. (2008). Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Life Science Journal. 5 (2): 84-89.
[26]
Reseigh, J. and Shepherd B. (2010). GAWLER Sranges NRM district weed strategy. South Australian Arid Lands Natural Resources Management Board. Australia, 1-64
[27]
Reyes, F. D. Peña, C. J, Canales, M., Jiménez, M, Meráz, S. and Hernandez. T (2011). Antimicrobial activity of Agromone ochroleuca Sweet (Chicalote). Boletín Latinoamericanoy del Caribede Plantas Medicinales Aromáticas, 10 (2): 139–146.
[28]
Sanaa, A. and Moussa, I. (2012). Invasiveness of Argemone ochroleuca Sweet in various habitats in Taif, Saudi Arabia. African Journal of Plant Science 6 (15): 433-438.
[29]
Save the Children (2013). Amhara Regional State, Area Brief. Ethiopia.
[30]
Tamado, T. &Milberg, P. (2000): Weed flora in arable fields of eastern Ethiopia with emphasis on the occurrence of Parthenium hysterophorus. –WeedRes. 40: 507–521.
[31]
Vander Westhuizen and Mpedi, P. (2011). The initiation of biological control programme against Argemone Mexicana L. And Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. Ochroleuca (Papaveraceae) in South Africa. Africa Entomology, 19 (2): 223-229.
Browse journals by subject