Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2017, Page: 69-78
Traditional Uses of Miombo Woodland Tree Species in Sikonge District, Tanzania
Fadhili Hamza Mgumia, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
Juvenal Nkonoki, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
John Safari, Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania
Received: Apr. 11, 2017;       Accepted: Apr. 28, 2017;       Published: Jun. 27, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20170204.11      View  2067      Downloads  138
Traditional use of Miombo woodland plants was investigated in Ugunda Forest Reserve in Sikonge District, Tanzania. Collaborative Field Work and Focus Group Discussions were used to generate information on uses of Miombo woodlands. Findings showed that local communities derived various goods and services from Miombo woodlands. Out of 106 plants recorded, 74species were found to provide multiple uses to the local communities. These species provided 18 forest products/services. The major categories of uses were food plants (62.2%), handcraft plants (56.8%), domestic plants (47.3%). Further, results revealed that the Miombo woodlands provided 72.2% of Non- Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) compared with 27.8% of Timber Forest Products (TFPs). This study has demonstrated that impact of utilization decrease with increase of distance from the settlement suggesting high dependence of forest resources by local communities surrounding Ugunda Forest Reserve. However, conversion of Miombo woodlands to short-duration crop lands and harvesting woods for curing tobacco and charcoal making are the major threats to the woodland resources. Efforts are needed to promote best practices of forest management that will ensure sustainable supply of forest products and services. Promoting practices that enhance judicious use of NTFPs, which is known to be less destructive to forest ecosystem, would particularly result into long term benefits on both NTFPs and TFPs.
Miombo, Plant Uses, Ethno-botany, Tanzania
To cite this article
Fadhili Hamza Mgumia, Juvenal Nkonoki, John Safari, Traditional Uses of Miombo Woodland Tree Species in Sikonge District, Tanzania, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 69-78. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20170204.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Frost, P. G. H., Timberlake, J., & Chidumayo, E. (2003). Miombo–mopane woodlands and grasslands. In: Mittermeier R, Goettsch Mittermeier C, Robles Gil P, Fonseca G, Brooks T, Pilgrim J., & Konstant W (editors). Wilderness: earth’s last wild places. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. p. 183–204.
Chidumayo, E. N. & Gumbo, D. J. (2010). The dry forests and woodlands of Africa. Managing for products and services. London: Earthscan.
Dewees, P., Campbell, B., Katerere, Y., Sitoe, A., Cunningham, A. B., Angelsen, A., & Wunder, S. (2011). Managing the miombo woodlands of southern Africa: policies, incentives, and options for the rural poor. Washington, DC: World Bank Program on forests (PROFOR). [Plus annexes:http://www.profor/sites/profor.info/files/Miombo Annexes_Nov11.pdf
Borota, J. (1991). Tropical forests: Some Africa and Asian case studies of composition and structure. In: developments in Agricultural and Managed-Force. Ecology, 22, 166 – 167.
Rodgers, W. A. (1996). The Miombo woodlands. In: McClanahan, T. R. and Young, T. P. (EDS.) East Africa ecosystems and their conservation. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp. 299–325.
Campbell, B. M., Angelsen, A., Cunningham, A., Katerere, Y., Sitoe. A., & Wunder, S. (2007): Miombo Woodlands–Opportunities and Barriers to Sustainable Forest Management. Bogor: CIFOR.
Njana, M. A., Kajembe, G. C., & Malimbwi, R. E. (2013) Are Miombo woodlands vital to livelihoods of rural households? Evidence from Urumwa and surrounding communities, Tabora, Tanzania. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 22(2): 124-140. [DOI: 10.1080/14728028.2013.803774]. site visited on 05/06/2016.
Shirima, D. D. Totland, Ø. Munishi, P. K., & Moe, S. R. (2015). Relationships between tree species richness, evenness and aboveground carbon storage in montane forests and miombo woodlands of Tanzania. Basic and Applied Ecology 16(3): 239-249.
Desanker, P. V. Frost, P. G. H. Frost, C. O. Justice, C. O., & Scholes, R. J. (eds.). (1997). The Miombo network: Frameworks for a terrestrial transect study of land use and land-cover change in the Miombo ecosystems of Central Africa, IGBP Report 41, The International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP), Stockholm, Sweden. 109 p.
Koller, R., & Samimi, C. (2011). Deforestation in the Miombo woodlands: A pixel-based Semi - automated change detection method. International journal of remote sensing 32(22): 7631 7649.
MNRT (2006). Conservation and Management of the Eastern Arc Mountain Forests Project: Forest Area Baseline for the Eastern Arc Mountains. 47 pp.
Luoga, E. J. Witkowski, E. T. F., & Balkwill, K. (2000). Subsistence use of wood products and shifting cultivation within a miombo woodland of eastern Tanzania, with some notes on commercial uses. South African Journal of Botany 66 (1): 72-85.
Lupala, Z. J. Lusambo, L. P., & Ngaga, Y. M. (2014). Management, growth, and carbon storage in Miombo woodlands of Tanzania. International Journal of Forestry Research,
Mgumia, F. H., & Oba, G. (2003). Potential role of sacred groves in biodiversity conservation in Tanzania. Environmental conservation 30(3):259 – 265.
Saidi, T. A., & Tshipala-Ramatshimbila, T. V. (2006). Ecology and management of a remnant Brachystegiaspiciformis (Miombo) woodland in North Eastern Soutpansberg, Limpopo povince. South African Geographical Journal 88(2): 205-212.
Schrotter, C. Duguma, L. Snook, L. Loo, J. Alves, T. Sousa, C., & Gratzer, G. (2016). Destructive harvesting of wild honey in Miombo woodlands affects keystone elements in the ecosystem. [Abstract] presented at: Tropentag 2016: Solidarity in a competing world —fair use of resources. Vienna (Austria) Sep 18-21. 1 p.
Luoga, E. J. (2000). The effect of human disturbances on diversity and dynamics of eastern Tanzania Miom¬bo arborescent species. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwaterrand, Johannesburg in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Bruschi, P. Mancini, M. Mattioli, E. Morganti, M., & Maria Adele Signorini, M. A. (2014). Traditional uses of plants in a rural community of Mozambique and possible links with Miombo degradation and harvesting sustainability. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10:59 [http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/10/1/59]. Site visited on 07/01/2017.
Stanley, D. Voeks, R., & Short, L. (2012): Is non-timber forest product harvest sustainable in the less developed world? A systematic review of the recent economic and ecological literature. Ethnobiol Cons 6. Available at: [http://ethnobioconservation.com/index.php/ebc/article/view/19]
National Land Use Planning Commission – NLUPC, (1999). Nzega District Land Use. Framework Plan. NZega district council. 51 p.
Rastogi, A. (1999). Methods in applied ethnobotany: Lessons from the field. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu, Nepal. MNR Series, No. 99/1.
McGregor, J. (1994). Woodland pattern and structure in a peasant farming area of Zimbabwe: ecological determinants and present and past use. For Ecol Man 63:97–113
Mbuya, L. P. Msanga, H. P. Ruffo, C. K. Birnie, A., & Tengnas, B. O. (1994). Useful trees and shrubs for Tanzania. SIDA (Swedish Intern. Develop. Auth.), Nairobi, Kenya, 542 pp.
Martin, G. J. (1995). Ethno-botany. A methods manual. WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) International. Chapman & Hall, London. p. 166–167.
Philip, M. S. (1983). Measuring trees and forestry. A textbook written for students in Africa. The division of forestry, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 338 p.
Malimbwi, R. E. Solberg, B., & Luoga, E. (1994). Estimation of biomass and volume in miombo woodlands at Kitulangalo Rorest Reserve. Tanzania Journal of Tropical Forest Science 7(2): 230–242.
Kent, M., & Coker, P. (1992). Vegetation description and analysis. A practical approach. Belhaven Press, London. 363 p.
Kanschik, W., & Becker, B. (2001). Dry Miombo–ecology of its major plant species and their potential use as bio-indicators. Plant ecology 155(2): 139-146.
Stave, J. Oba, G. Nordal, I., & Stenseth, N. C. (2007). Traditional ecological knowledge of a riverine forest in Turkana, Kenya: implications for research and management. Biodiversity and Conservation 16(5): 1471-1489.
Syampungani, S. Geldenhuys, C. J., & Chirwa, P. W. (2010). The use of species–stem Curves in sampling the development of the Zambian miombo woodland species in charcoal production and slash-and-burn regrowth stands. Southern Forests 72(2): 83-89.
Anderson, A. B. (1990). Extraction and forest management by rural inhabitants in the Amazon estuary. In Alternatives to Deforestation: Steps Towards Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest. Edited by Anderson AB. New York: Columbia University Press. Pp 65–85.
Arnold, J., & Ruiz-Pérez, M. (2001). Can non-timber forest products match tropical forest conservation and development objectives? Ecol Econ 39:437– 447.
Shiva, M. P., & Verma, S. K. (2002). Approaches to Sustainable Forest Management and Biodiversity Conservation: with Pivotal Role of Non-Timber Forest Products. Dehra Dun: Centre for Minor Forest Products, Valley Offset Printers.
Belcher, B. Ruiz-Pérez, M., & Achdiawan, R (2005). Global pattern and trends in the use and management of commercial NTFPs: implications for livelihood and conservation. World Dev 33:1435–1452.
Chediack, S. E. (2008). The effect of forest exploitation on structure, diversity, and floristic composition of palmito-dominated Atlantic forests at Misiones, Argentina. Rev Biol Trop 56:721–738.
Millington, A., & Townsend, J. (1989). Biomass Assessment: Woody Biomass in the SADCC Region. London: Earthscan Publications.
Shosan, L. O. Fawibe, O. O. Ajiboye, A. A. Abeegunrin, T. A., & Agboola, D. A. (2014). Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in curing some diseases in infants in Abeokuta South Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. American Journal of Plant Sciences 5(21): 3258.
Kalaba, F. K. Quinn, C. H., & Dougill, A. J. (2013). Contribution of forest provisioning ecosystem services to rural livelihoods in the Miombo woodlands of Zambia. Population and Environment 35(2): 159-182.
Bundschuh, T. V. Hahn, K., & Wittig, R. (2016). The medicinal plants of the woodlands in northern Malawi (Karonga district). Flora et VegetatioSudano-Sambesica 14: 3-8.
Augustino, S. Hall, J. B. Makonda, F. B. S., & Ishengoma, R. C. (2014). Medicinal plant parts and practices used by communities around the Miombo woodlands of Urumwa, Tanzania. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 8(15): 599 – 606.
Garrity, D. P. (2004). Agroforestry and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Agroforestry Systems 61: 5–17.
Abdallah, J. M. (2001). Assessment of the impact of non-timber forest products utilization on sustainable management of Miombo woodlands in Urumwa Forest Reserve, Tabora, Tanzania. A dissertation sub¬mitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Forestry of Sokoine University of Agriculture. 99 p.
Syampungani, S. Chirwa, P. W. Akinnifesi, F. K. Sileshi, G., & Ajayi, O. C. (2009). The miombo woodlands at the cross roads: Potential threats, sustainable livelihoods, policy gaps and challenges. Natural Resources Forum 33, 150–159
Neba, N. E. (2010). Developing rural tourism as an alternative strategy for poverty alleviation in protected areas: Example of Oku, Cameroon. International NGO Journal 5(2): 050-058.
Mbaiwa, J. E. (2011). Changes on traditional livelihood activities and lifestyles caused by tourism development in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Tourism Management 32(5): 1050-1060.
Rich, V. (2012). Carving a Life: The Political Economy of Woodcarver Livelihoods in Cabo Delgado, Northern Mozambique (Doctoral dissertation, University of London).
Mangora, M. M. (2012). Shifting cultivation, wood use and deforestation attributes of Tobacco farming in Urambo district, Tanzania. Curr Res J Soc Sci. 4(2):135–140.
Adhikari, B., Di Falco, S., & Lovett, J. C. (2004). Household characteristics and forest dependency: evidence from common property forest management in Nepal. Ecological economics 48(2): 245-257.
Mamo, G., Sjaastad, E., &Vedeld, P. (2007). Economic dependence on forest resources: A case from Dendi District, Ethiopia. Forest Policy and Economics, 9(8), 916-927.
Attuaquayefio, D. K., & Folib, J. N. (2005). An overview of biodiversity conservation in Ghana: challenges and prospects. West African Journal of Applied Ecology 7(1).
Tony, W., & Homewood, K. (2010). Ecology of African Pastoralist Societies, 162-165.
Kavana, P. Y., & Kakengi, V. A. M. (2014). Availability of pasture for domestic and wild herbivores in grazing land of Mpanda Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development 26(2).
Jew, E. K. K., Dougill, A. J., Sallu. S. O’Connell, J., & Benton, T. G. (2016). Miombo woodland under threat: Consequences for tree diversity and carbon storage. Forest Ecology and Management 361: 144 – 153.
Hughes, A. R. Byrnes, J. E., & Stachowicz J. J. (2007). Reciprocal relationships and potential feedbacks between biodiversity and disturbance. Ecology letters 10: 849–864.
Torras O., & Saura S. (2008). Effects of silvicultural treatments on forest biodiversity indicators in the Mediterranean. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3322–3330.
Browse journals by subject