Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2019, Page: 83-88
Morpho-Biometric Characterization of the "Kolonto" Local Chicken Ecotype in Gaya Area
Moussa Hassan Ousseini, Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey, Niamey, Niger
Issa Salissou, Animal Production Department, National Institute for Agronomic Research of Niger, Niamey, Niger
Hima Karmadine, Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey, Niamey, Niger
Bakasso Yacoubou, Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey, Niamey, Niger
Received: May 31, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 9, 2019;       Published: Jul. 23, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190404.11      View  168      Downloads  23
Abstract
The morpho-biometric characterization of local chicken "Kolonto" ecotype was undertaken in the department of Gaya. The objective of this study is to promote the breeding of the "Kolonto" ecotype in Niger. A sample of 111 hens and 35 roosters was photographed, described and measured individually. This sample was collected in 15 localities distributed in the 6 communes that count the department of Gaya. The results of this study show that there is a great diversity of plumage in the local chicken "Kolonto" ecotype. The predominant plumage is the mille fleur (16%), the white and the mottled (14%), the partridge (13%), the red (12%) and the golden cuckoo (9%). The average weight of the chicken "Kolonto" ecotype is 1346,5g against 1641,2g and 1253,5g respectively for the males and the females because of the sexual dimorphism highlighted by means of ANOVA carried out on the basis of the various quantitative parameters. The high variability of the local chicken "Kolonto" ecotype demonstrated by this study is an opportunity for a poultry breeding program.
Keywords
Local Chicken, "Kolonto" Ecotype, Characterization, Family Poultry
To cite this article
Moussa Hassan Ousseini, Issa Salissou, Hima Karmadine, Bakasso Yacoubou, Morpho-Biometric Characterization of the "Kolonto" Local Chicken Ecotype in Gaya Area, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 83-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190404.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Amadou Moussa B., Idi A. Benabdeljelil K., (2010). Aviculture familiale rurale au Niger: alimentation et performances zootechniques. RIDAF volume19 Numero1, 5-12.
[2]
Aberra, M., Tegene, N., 2011. Phenotypic and morphological characterisation of indigenous chicken populations in southern region of Ethiopia, Animal Genetic Ressources, 49, 9-19. Doi: 10.1017/S207863361100006. Batimsoga B. B. & Lombo Y., (2009). Caractérisation phénotypique des populations de poules locales au Togo. Rapport ITRA. 15-24.
[3]
Bembide, C., Hako - Touko, B. A., Manjeli, Y., et Keambou, Tiambo, C., 2013. Caractérisation morphobiométrique de la poule locale en Centrafrique. Animal Genetic Ressources, 2013, 53, 33-44. Doi: 10.1017/S2078633612000525. Dambo L., (2001). Atlas de l’arrondissement de Gaya, Mémoire de maitrise, 107 pages.
[4]
Batimsoga B. B. & Lombo Y., (2009). Caractérisation phénotypique des populations de poules locales au Togo. Rapport ITRA. 15-24.
[5]
Dambo L., (2007). Usages de l'eau à Gaya (Niger): entre fortes potentialités et contraintes majeures. Thèse de doctorat. 355p.
[6]
Deneke, N., Aberra, M. and Sandip, B. 2014. Phenotypic characterization of indigenous chicken populations in Southeastern Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. Animal Genetic Resources, 55: 101-113.
[7]
de Bruyn, J., Wong, J. T., Bagnol, B., Pengelly, B., Alders, R. G., 2015. Family poultry and food and nutrition security. CAB Rev. 10, 1–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PAVSNNR201510013.
[8]
Dao B, Kossoga A, Lombo Y, Ekoué S, Talaki E, Dayo G K, Bonfoh B. (2015). Caractérisation phénotypique des populations locales de poulets (gallus gallus domesticus) au Togo. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. AnGR Special Edition, (2015), 15-33
[9]
El-Safty. S. A. (2012). Determination of some quantitative and qualitative traits in Libyan native fowls. Egypt. Poult. Sci. Vol (32) (II): (247-258).
[10]
Fotsa, J-C., Rognon, X., Tixer-Boichard, M., Coquerelle, G., Poné-Kamdem, D., Ngou-Ngoupayou, J. D., Manjeli Y. et Bordas, A., 2010. Caractérisation phénotypique des populations de poules locales (Gallus gaallus) de la zone forestière dense humide à pluviométrie bimodale du Cameroun. Animal Genetic Ressources, 46, 46 - 59. Doi: i10.1017/S207863361000069X.
[11]
Fotsa J. C., (2008). Caractérisation des populations de poules locales (gallus gallus) au Cameroun. Mémoire de thèse. 301p.
[12]
Guèye E. F., (1998b). Village egg and fowl meat production in Africa. World’s Poult. Sci. J, 54, 73-86.
[13]
Guèye, E. F., (2003). Gender issues in family poultry production systems in low-income food-deficit countries. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 18 (4): 185-195.
[14]
H. O. Moussa, T. C. Keambou, K. Hima, S. Issa, S. J. Motsa'a, Y. Bakasso. (2019). Indigenous Chicken production in Niger. Veterinary and Animal Science 7 (2019) 100040. Available on https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vas.2018.11.001
[15]
Hassaballah K, V Zeuh, L Y Mopate et M Sembene. (2015). Caractérisation morpho-biométrique de poule (Gallus gallus) locales dans trois zones agro-écologiques du Tchad. Livestock Research for Rural Development 27 (3) 2015.
[16]
Herrador, Z., Sordo, L., Gadisa, E., Moreno, J., Nieto, J., Benito, A., … Custodio, E. (2014). Cross sectional study of malnutrition and associated factors among school aged children in rural and urban settings of Fogera and Libo Kemkem Districts, Ethiopia. PLoS One, 9 (9), e105880–e105811.
[17]
Iannotti, L. L., Lutter, C. K., Stewart, C. P., Gallegos Riofrío, C. A., Malo, C., Reinhart, G., et al. (2017a). Eggs in early complementary feeding and child growth: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. e20163459.
[18]
Krasevec, J., An, X., Kumapley, R., Bégin, F., & Frongillo, E. A. (2017). Diet quality and risk of stunting among infants and young children in lowand middle-income countries. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 13 (Suppl 3), e12430-e12411.
[19]
Moula Nassim. 2016. Characterization of the Kabyle breed of hen (thayazit lekvayel) and its farming system in the region of chemini and bouzeguene (Algeria). International conference on Agriculture development in the context of international integration: Opportunities and challenges. December 7-8, 2016 Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi, Vietnam. p. 9.
[20]
Mahammi, FZ, Gaouar, S. B. S., Tabet-Aoul, N., Tixier- Boichard, M., Saïdi-Mehtar, N., (2014). Caractéristiques morpho-biométriques et systèmes d’élevage des poules locales en Algérie occidentale (Oranie). Cah Agric 23: 1-11. doi: 10.1684/agr.2014.0722.
[21]
Mube H K, Yemdjie D D M, Kana J R, Tadondjou C D et Teguia A. (2013). Caractérisation phénologiques de la poule barrée de l’ouest Cameroun. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr., (2013), 61, 543-551.
[22]
N’goran Etienne Loukou, (2013). Caractérisation Phénotypique et moléculaire des poulets locaux (Gallus gallus domesticus Linne, 1758) des deux zones agro-écologiques de la cote d’Ivoire. Memoire de these. p. 206.
[23]
Ould Ahmed, M. et N’Daw, A. 2015. Caractérisation de l’élevage familial de la poule locale (Gallus gallus) dans la région de Trarza en Mauritanie. Animal Genetic Resources, 57: 89-97.
[24]
RGAC, (2008). Analyse des résultats des enquêtes sur les marchés à bétail et le cheptel aviaire. Recensement général de l’agriculture et du cheptel 2005-2007. Projet GCP/NER/041/EC, MDA/MRA. 99 p.
[25]
Rabiou A. C., (2014). Les conflits autour des forêts classées de Fogha Béri et Koulou dans la région de Dosso. Mémoire de master géographie. Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines. 68p.
Browse journals by subject