Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2019, Page: 102-111
Efficiency of Nano-formulations of Neem and Peppermint Oils on the Bionomics and Enzymatic Activities of Agrotis ipsilon Larvae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
Abdel Rahman Hussein Amin, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Alaa El Din Bayoumi, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Nadia Zikry Dimetry, Department of Pests and Plant Protection, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Dalia Abdellah Youssef, Department of Pests and Plant Protection, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Received: Jun. 24, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 19, 2019;       Published: Aug. 12, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190405.11      View  76      Downloads  23
Abstract
Nanotechnology is considered to be a development way to gain efficient and potential approaches towards pest control. The effect of both neem and peppermint oils as bulk, nano and loaded nano-emulsions have been studied against the different biological aspects of the 2nd larval instar of Agrotis ipsilon (Hufn.) under laboratory conditions. Their effects on enzymatic activities were investigated for the 2nd and 4th larval instars. The effects of adding the different formulations of either neem or peppermint oils to artificial diet of 2nd instar larvae show significant elongation of the larval duration; percentage mortalities were increased as well as larval malformations. It was recorded that nano-formulations (emulsion or loaded) significantly decreased the pupal weight and significantly increased the pupal duration, percentage pupal mortalities and pupal malformation. Adult longevity show insignificant effect, while female fecundity and percentage egg fertility show significant decrease in comparison with the control. Results of enzymatic activities show marked effects of the three formulations of either neem or peppermint oil. Significant inhibitions were recorded for amylase, invertase, trehalase, protease and alkaline phosphatase. However, significant increase in the activities of cuticle phenoloxidase and chitinase were recorded. Marked variations were recorded between nano-formulations and the bulk form.
Keywords
Neem Oil, Peppermint Oil, Nano-formulations, BIONOMICS, Enzymes, Agrotis ipsilon
To cite this article
Abdel Rahman Hussein Amin, Alaa El Din Bayoumi, Nadia Zikry Dimetry, Dalia Abdellah Youssef, Efficiency of Nano-formulations of Neem and Peppermint Oils on the Bionomics and Enzymatic Activities of Agrotis ipsilon Larvae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2019, pp. 102-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190405.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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