Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Page: 173-182
Land Resource Management for Sustainability in the Oku-Mbessa Highlands, North West Region, Cameroon
Mbanga Lawrence Akei, Department of Geography and Planning, The University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon
Bailack Kevin Mbuh, Department of Geography and Planning, The University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon
Received: Sep. 4, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 29, 2019;       Published: Oct. 31, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190406.13      View  21      Downloads  8
Land resources constitute one of the most indispensable resources and the ultimate prerequisites for the survival and prosperity of humankind on the earth surface. Management is very indispensible for sustainability and livelihoods of resources and population respectively. The aim of the study is to examine the trends of land resource management, and present the implications on land resource sustainability and livelihoods using Landsat images of 1988, 2000, 2007 and 2018 in the Oku-Mbessa Highlands of Cameroon. A historical survey and comparative research designs with mixed qualitative-quantitative research approaches were used to detect the annual rates of land resource cover changes for the periods of 1982 to 1994, 1995 to 2006 and 2007 to 2018, analysed at spatiotemporal levels. Data was collected from 150 household heads using a semi-structured questionnaire. Data was analysed using inferential statistics with the F-ratio Test at a 0.05 critical level and a df of 4 to determine the management trends, sustainable and livelihood patterns ushered. The results reveal the calculated F-ratio values for the three periodical trends of 1.09, 1.21 and 2.05 are higher than the tabulated ratios of 0.36, 0.31 and 0.89 respectively. This indicates that there has been a significant increase in the trends of land resource management. Positive environmental sustainable and livelihood patterns were introduced in the management process. This study recommends the need for the government to improve management security at the grassroots level to forestall the inextricable link between resource management, sustainability and livelihoods in the Oku-Mbessa highlands.
Land Resources, Stakeholder, Management, Trends, Sustainability, Oku-Mbessa
To cite this article
Mbanga Lawrence Akei, Bailack Kevin Mbuh, Land Resource Management for Sustainability in the Oku-Mbessa Highlands, North West Region, Cameroon, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 173-182. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190406.13
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Aghileri D. and Burlando P. (1999) Water resource management. Report on the EU water framework on the threshold: environmental changes as causes of acute conflict. Journal of international security. Vol. 16, No 2 (Fall 1999), pp. 76-116. 2017.
IUCN (2013) Report on Bangladesh national conservation strategy of land resources.
UNO (2013) Economic contributions of forests. UN forum on forests. 10th session. 8th-9th April 2013, Istanbul, Turkey.
Annbee T, (2016) Conservation, Protection & Rehabilitation of the Environment & Natural Resources. Journal of sustainable development. Vol. 7, No. 9; ISSN pp. 1916-1927.
Robbin G., Man-Kwan C., Julia A. and Julian Q. (2008) Trees and trade off: A stakeholder approach to natural resource management. Gate keeper series No 52.
World Bank (2006) Sustainable Land Management challenges, opportunities and trade-offs. 1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20433. 41p.
EU (2015) Framework Service Contract for the operation, evaluation and evolution of the Global land Component of the Copernicus Land service–4 Lots JRC/IPR/2015/H.5/0026/OC. Ref. Ares (2015) 3305485.
Noubissie T. D. (2012) The concept of sustainable development and sustainable management of natural resources in Africa through the German Development Corporation”. Doctorate Thesis. University of Giessen Germany.
Talus T. (2016) Identifying stakeholders in land use management process and related critical factors in ASEAN”. ASEAN and Canada research partnership working paper series No 1.
EU and UN (2012) Land and Conflict: Toolkit and guidance for preventing and managing land and natural resources conflict” New York.
CIRUM (2012) Customary laws in forest use and management. Case study among the Dzao and Thai people of North West Vietnam. Available at www.cirum.org. Consulted in September 24th 2018.
Babuh U. M. S. Nautiyal S. (2013) Historical issues and perspectives of land resource management in India. A review of the institute for social and economic and social change, Bangalore, working paper series 309. ISBN 978-81-779-165-7.
Mengang J. M. (1994) Evolution of natural resource policy in Cameroon, Ministry of Water and Forests BP 13844, Yaoundé, Cameroon. N bulletin 102.
Ndenecho E. N. (2005) Biological resource exploitation in Cameroon. From crisis to sustainable management. Unique printers Bamenda.
Elak-Oku and Belo Council Development Plans (2017) Elaborated with the support of the National Community Driven Development Program (PNDP).
Kimengsi J. N. and Moteka P. N. (2018) Revisiting Participatory Forest Management and Community Livelihoods in the Kilum-Ijim Montane Forest Landscape of Cameroon. International Journal of Global Sustainability ISSN 1937-7924 2018, Vol. 2, No. 139. pp. 39-55.
Wirsiy E. B. (2018) CAMGEW annual report from 2012-2018”. 164p.
Tah K. K. (2018). “SOPISDEW annual reports from 2012 to 2018”. 77 p.
Ndenecho E. N. (2006) “Sustaining mountainous environments and rural livelihoods in the Bamenda highland of Cameroon”. Unique printers Bamenda.
Raymond A., Wilson A. A., Michael J C and Stephen A. (2017). “Multi-level land cover change analysis in the forest-savannah transition zone of the Kintampo Municipality, Ghana”. Journal of Natural Resources and Development.; VOL 07, No 01, pp 1-11. May. 2017. DOI: 10.5027/jnrd.v7i0.01.
Yude P. and Richard B. (2018). “Trends in management of world’s forests and impacts on carbon stocks”. Journal of forest ecology and management. Vol. 355 pp. 83-90. 2015. Available at www.slsevier.com. Consulted on September 20th 2018.
Espírito-Santo M. M., Leite M. E., Silva J. O., Barbosa R. S., Rocha A. M., Anaya F. C., Dupin M. G. V. (2016). “Understanding patterns of land-cover change in the Brazilian Cerrado from 2000 to 2015,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 371, no. 1703, pp. 20150435, Aug. 2016. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0435
World Bank (2003). “World Development Report 2003: Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World”. The World Bank, Washington, DC. 2003.
Sub-Divisional Delegation of Agriculture and Rural Development Oku Sub-Division (2017).
Fogwe Z. N. and Kwei J. (2015). “Cameroonian protected Kilum Ijim Forest for the development of Oku forest fringe communities”. E3 Journal of resource and Environmental Management; Volume 6 (5) PP. 0293-0303, December, 2015. http://www.e3journals.org ISSN 2141-7466.
Chah R. (2014). “Forest degradation and its Implication on the Slopes of Mount Oku”. DIPES II Dessertation, Geography Department, HTTC University of Bamenda North West Region of Cameroon. 2014. Unpublished.
Sub Divisional Delegation of Livestock Fisheries and Animal Husbandary Oku Sub-Division (2017). “Annual Report on Pastoral Activities (2012) Sub-Divisional Delegation of Livestock Fisheries and Animal Husbandry Oku”. 41p.
Tambang G. N. (2009). “Wood carving in Oku: An economic activity in expansion”, DIPES II Dissertation in Geography, ENS Yaounde.
VOKIMF magazine February 1997 edition.
Nkongho P. E. (2001).“Land use variations and vegetation changes in the Falgore game reserve area, Kano state Nigeria”. Readings in Geography. Unique printers Bamenda. Pp 222-235.
Mugambi D. M. (2019). Fencing and Forest Conservation: Attitudes of Local People Living Adjacent to Eastern Slopes of Mount Kenya. International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190401.11.
Jean S. N. and Yves M. T. (2019). Livelihoods Means and Local Populations Strategies of the Luki’s Biosphere Reserve in Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2019, pp. 42-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190402.12.
Bailack K. M. and Fogwe Z. N. (2019). Land resource conflict mitigation diplomacy for harmonious inter communities coexistence: the Oku-Mbessa legacy in the North West region of Cameroon. International Journal of Current Research, Vol. 11, Issue, 07, pp. 5628-5635, July, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24941/ijcr.35494.07.2019
Browse journals by subject