Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Page: 183-187
Trade and Conservation of Morel Mushrooms in Nepal
Jay Kant Raut, Faculty of Science, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Jitendra Upadhyaya, Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, Montreal Quebec, Canada
Vijaya Raghavan, Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, Montreal Quebec, Canada
Minu Adhikari, Faculty of Science, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Santoshi Bhushal, Faculty of Science, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Pragun Sunder Sainju, Division of Soil Science, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal
Chandra Mohan Gurmachhan, Plant Research Center, Department of Plant Resources, Jumla, Nepal
Anjana Giri, Faculty of Science, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Lok Ranjan Bhatt, Faculty of Science, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Received: Sep. 19, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 4, 2019;       Published: Nov. 20, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190406.14      View  38      Downloads  15
Abstract
In Nepal morel mushroom is one of the most important wild edible fungi, which is exported, in larger quantities. They have been collected, consumed and traded for more than two decades. The morel mushroom trade is worth a multi-billion dollar industry worldwide. This study was carried out to elucidate the current harvest and trade of morel mushrooms, the prospects for commercial morel industry development and the resource management in Nepal. Wild morels are harvested commercially and exported extensively from west Nepal especially from Karnali and Far West Province which share 58% and 29% of total national output respectively. Most commonly found and traded species are Morchella conica and M. esculenta. In most cases, the collectors sell morels in fresh form to the local dealers or in the local markets from where they are exported to different parts of the world. A bulk of morel mushrooms is traded via Nepalgunj and Mahendranagar routes. The local collectors get nominal benefits as prices are very low in the local area as compared to international markets. The price of M. conica is always higher than other morel species. There is neither processing nor any kind of value addition works currently being done in Nepal except drying, grading and packaging. The present study reveals that Nepal has a huge potential to become a major global producer of high quality morels. There is no serious concern about the overexploitation of the resource at the moment. However, a reliable local monitoring system and a scientific intervention for the artificial cultivation are inevitable for the sustainable management.
Keywords
Bioresource, Ethnomycology, Gucchi Chyau, Livelihood, Management, Morel Industry, NTFPs, Wild Edible Fungi
To cite this article
Jay Kant Raut, Jitendra Upadhyaya, Vijaya Raghavan, Minu Adhikari, Santoshi Bhushal, Pragun Sunder Sainju, Chandra Mohan Gurmachhan, Anjana Giri, Lok Ranjan Bhatt, Trade and Conservation of Morel Mushrooms in Nepal, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 183-187. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20190406.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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