Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 26-30
Use of Urban Agriculture in Addressing Health Disparities and Promotion of Ecological Health in South Africa
Michael Rudolph, Office of the Vice Chancellor, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Evans Muchesa, Siyakhana Growth and Development NPO, Johannesburg, South Africa
Florian Kroll, Siyakhana Growth and Development NPO, Johannesburg, South Africa
Received: Jan. 26, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 10, 2020;       Published: Mar. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20200501.14      View  24      Downloads  29
Abstract
Socio-economic disparities create conditions that contribute to poor population health. Poor health increases this socio-economic burden on the health care system and undermines society’s capacity to reduce disparities and develop resilience to converging challenges regarding global, regional and national food systems. Using a structured mixed literature review design as well as both primary and secondary data sources collected through a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods and studies, this paper reflects on some key socio-economic challenges facing South Africa and shows how the findings from the research can contribute to and address public health and agricultural development policies and challenges. These themes have been presented within the broader and contemporary discourse on the relationship between ecological health, food security and national development. The agriculture system in South Africa is one of the biggest governments supported systems with a wide community reach and is thus a key sector. The debilitating effects of unhealthy communities, poor environments and socio-economic disparities are inextricably linked to food and nutrition insecurity. The findings from the reviews of the various papers and reports clearly demonstrate on the one hand the high prevalence of food and nutrition security but on the other hand reports and studies emphasize the positive outcomes of an integrated approach to addressing nutrition and food security. Furthermore, agricultural extension highlights how multi and trans-disciplinary methods based on ecological health promotion can achieve systemic changes to improve food security, public health status and also contribute socio-economic development.
Keywords
Socio-economic Disparities, Agricultural System, Food Security, Ecological Health, South Africa
To cite this article
Michael Rudolph, Evans Muchesa, Florian Kroll, Use of Urban Agriculture in Addressing Health Disparities and Promotion of Ecological Health in South Africa, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 26-30. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20200501.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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