Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 129-138
Characterization of the Oleaginous Potential of Jatropha curcas in Burkina Faso: Study of Accessions Resistance to Fungal Pathogens, Seed Traits and Molecular Diversity
Sama Hemayoro, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Sombié Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby, Crop Production Department, Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research, Ouagadougou, National Center of Scientific Research and Technology, Burkina Faso
Adéoti Kifouli, Microbiology and Food Technology Laboratory, University of Abomey Calavi, Benin
Bonzi Schemaeza, Rural Development Institute (IDR), University Nazi Boni (UNB), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Hilou Adama, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Received: Sep. 4, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 22, 2020;       Published: Oct. 12, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20200503.17      View  25      Downloads  8
Abstract
The development of the Jatropha sector is limited by the lack of adequate plant genetic resources and data on local genotypes. However, knowledge of the characteristics of local accessions can help to identify suitable genotypes and/or identify varietal improvement paths for sustainable biofuel production. In order to characterize the local genotypes of Jatropha curcas in Burkina Faso, seeds of a collection from 40 plantations of the different climatic zones of the country were used to assess the accessions resistance to fungal pathogens, seeds oil and germination and molecular diversity. The results revealed a high variability in accessions resistance to fungal pathogens, seeds oil content and germination depending on the accessions. These variations of seeds oil content, seeds germination capacity and accessions resistance to fungal pathogens could been explained by genetic factors. This hypothesis is confirmed by genetic parameters which showed a strong heritability of the studied characters. Indeed, outside the diameter of the necrosis, the study exhibited high phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variation and high heritability in broad sense. The study also revealed positive correlations between resistance parameters and seed oil content on the one hand and between these parameters and germination capacity on the other hand. There are good opportunities to improve accessions resistance to pathogens, seeds oil content and germination capacity. However, the evaluation of molecular diversity based on 20 microsatellites markers showed low genetic diversity. The high phenotypic variability observed in seed traits and resistance of accessions contrasts with a low level of genetic diversity of accessions. This study constitutes an important contribution to the characterization of local genotypes in order to identify the best genotypes for improvement of seeds traits and accessions resistance to fungi in a breeding program.
Keywords
Jatropha, Oil Content, Genetic Diversity, Resistance, Pathogens
To cite this article
Sama Hemayoro, Sombié Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby, Adéoti Kifouli, Bonzi Schemaeza, Hilou Adama, Characterization of the Oleaginous Potential of Jatropha curcas in Burkina Faso: Study of Accessions Resistance to Fungal Pathogens, Seed Traits and Molecular Diversity, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 129-138. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20200503.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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