Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 145-159
Phytodiversity and Spatial Development of Urban Flora in Lokossa, Benin
Erick Senademi Sogbossi, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin; Institute of Geography and Land Planning, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Soufouyane Zakari, Institute of Geography and Land Planning, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Julien Gaudence Djego, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Received: Oct. 12, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 26, 2020;       Published: Nov. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20200504.12      View  33      Downloads  37
Abstract
The need for sustainable and green cities highlights the importance to improve plant species diversity in urban areas. We assessed the phytodiversity of three management units (strata) to enhance plant species conservation planning in Lokossa City. A forest inventory was conducted in each stratum based on one-hectare sample plots. Fifty plots were distributed following a stratified random sampling approach. We found that 53 plants species belonging to 46 genera and 22 families were established in the strata. However, the flora of the city was mixed with 50.94% of native plant species. The dominant families were Leguminosae, Arecaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae, Combretaceae, Lamiaceae and Myrtaceae. The ten most important plant species accounted for 69.31% of the total abundance. Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss. and Mangifera indica L. were dominant plant species. Ubiquitous species accounted for 54.72% of species pool and 82.92% of all individuals. The flora of residential zone was more diversified than those in road buffer and institutional zones. Which contributed to 60.27% of all individuals. The road buffer and institutional zones flora were quite similar. Therefore, we suggested that the planting and monitoring projects should be detailed and budgeted with reference to plausible scientific knowledge in the city development plan. The creation of participatory botanical gardens at the city neighborhoods scale. The integration of the flora of residential zone in species conservation projects in order to increase global diversity and storage of biomass in the city.
Keywords
Stratified Random Sampling, Phytodiversity, Species Differentiation, Similarity, Urban Flora, Sustainable Development
To cite this article
Erick Senademi Sogbossi, Soufouyane Zakari, Julien Gaudence Djego, Phytodiversity and Spatial Development of Urban Flora in Lokossa, Benin, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 145-159. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20200504.12
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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